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Regardless, I only recommend products or services that I believe will add value to my readers. Series DKfindout! Finally, in the s, it was taken back out of the box and scrutinized via more modern means. First fluorine dating revealed that it was much too recent, and it was shown to have been chemically treated to give a false impression of its age and mineral composition.
Then it was finally determined that the jaw must have come from an orangutan, and that it had been deliberately reshaped with modern tools in a well-crafted and deliberate forgery. So this fraud was exposed by scientists , not theologians. And it was never known from a single jawbone either, but from more than 4, bones representing nearly 30 individuals found in one site alone, and there are still dozens more.
Ray agrees with Lispon that evolution is a religion. Ray explains how the acceptance of evolution happens: a believer tells it to a nonbeliever. The nonbeliever does not have to turn from sin, just drop the biblical creation, and thus believes evolution without a shred of evidence.
First, it was never supposed that we evolved from any ape species still alive today. Instead the theory held that chimpanzees and humans were sibling species, daughters of the same mother. So the first link we needed to find was an ancient ape apparently basal to either of us —to prove there was a potential progenitor of both groups. We had already found that link in Europe five years before Darwin went public.
The theory then required that another extinct hominid be found in strata chronologically between the Miocene Dryopithecus fontana and the earliest known human species, which from to , was Homo erectus. But more than that, the theory also demanded that we find one halfway between humans and other apes in terms of morphology. We found exactly that too way back in ! In , three years after we discovered the no-longer-missing link in the human evolutionary lineage, Harvard paleontologist Stephen J.
But in the more than 30 years since then, there has been a paleontological boom such that we now have way more transitional species in many more lineages than we ever needed or hoped for. Now the problem for evolution is that there are too many contenders, while a compounding problem for creationists is that not even one of them should exist if their story was true. What is science? The method by which man tries to hide his ignorance. It should not be so, but so it is. You are not to be dogmatical in theology, my brethren, it is wicked; but for scientific men it is the correct thing.
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You are never to assert anything very strongly; but scientists may boldly assert what they cannot prove, and may demand a faith far more credulous than any we possess. Forsooth, you and I are to take our Bibles and shape and mould our belief according to the ever-shifting teachings of so-called scientific men. What folly is this!
Why, the march of science, falsely so called, through the world may be traced by exploded fallacies and abandoned theories. Former explorers once adored are now ridiculed; the continual wreckings of false hypotheses is a matter of universal notoriety. You may tell where the supposed learned have encamped by the debris left behind of suppositions and theories as plentiful as broken bottles. Plus, the judges are handpicked by Kent Hovind and are entirely unfair. Several people have tried to collect on his challenge, only to get a runaround or to be ignored. Yet it is clearly established in the case law, and perhaps also in common sense, that evolution is not a religion and that teaching evolution does not violate the Establishment Clause.
After giving these definitions, Ray Comfort immediately says, "According to the dictionary, evolution is merely a theory, while creation is a fact. Evolution is both a scientific theory and a fact. Here's the truth of the matter: It is a fact that evolution happens, that biodiversity and complexity do increase, that both occur naturally only by evolutionary means. These are facts in the scientific sense, meaning that they've been observed. It is a fact that alleles vary with increasing distinction in reproductive populations and that these are accelerated in genetically isolated groups.
It is a fact that natural selection, sexual selection, and genetic drift have all been proven to have predictable effect in guiding this variance, both in the scientific literature and in practical application. It is a fact that significant beneficial mutations do occur and are inherited by descendant groups, and that multiple independent sets of biological markers exist to trace these lineages backwards over many generations.
It is a fact that birds are a subset of dinosaurs the same way humans are a subset of apes, primates, eutherian mammals, and vertebrate deuterostome animals. It is a fact that the collective genome of all animals has been traced to its most basal form through reverse sequencing, and that those forms are also indicated by comparative morphology, physiology, and embryological development as well as chronologically correct placement of successive stages revealed in the geological column.
It is a fact that everything on Earth has definite relatives either living nearby or evident in the fossil record. It is a fact that the fossil record holds hundreds of definitely transitional species even according to its strictest definition of that term. It is a fact that both microevolution and macroevolution have been directly observed and documented dozens of times both in the lab and in national controlled conditions in the field, and that instances have all withstood critical analysis and peer review. It is also a fact that evolution is the only explanation of biodiversity with both evidential support and scientific validity and no alternative notion has ever met even one of the criteria of being a theory.
Notwithstanding that creationists will deny just about everything in this list sincere rank-and-file do so out of not understanding the issue, while the big names in creationism simply lie , these are the FACTS of evolution, meaning each of these points has been observed —thus it is a matter of knowledge rather than mere belief. However, Ray Comfort then says "If, however, I want the builder to do something for me, then I need to have faith in him. All of these things occur naturally without us necessarily needing to invoke an intelligent designer.
Since the human brain is hard-wired to detect patterns, we think of nature as designed based on our experience of human artifacts. We see patterns in clouds, crystals, and snowflakes, but we already know that they all manifest naturally.
Donald B. Deyoung
We can test and prove that snowflakes, while having many geometrical patterns, form naturally in the clouds under certain conditions. We also know that evolution of living organisms can develop characteristics that give the illusion of design. The point is, all these things were made naturally.
Comfort presupposes that everything around him is designed, particularly life. The issue here is that he does not distinguish between naturally made objects and artificially made objects; rather he seems to assume they are all the same thing. This is why he compares man-made buildings to naturally living things that do not need a designer.
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This is going way beyond comparing apples and oranges or perhaps bananas. Nominations and campaigning for the RationalWiki Moderator Election is underway and will end on November Jump to: navigation , search. Timaeus by Plato. Fairfield, IA: Akasha Publishing. London: Allen Lane. Aristarchus of Samos: The Ancient Copernicus. History of Western Philosophy.
London: Routledge Classics.
Donald B. Deyoung
Evolutionary genetics of life cycles. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics Charlesworth, Why sex and recombination? Science Peters and P. Keightley, High frequency of cryptic deleterious mutations in Caenorhabditis elegans. Transitions to asexuality result in excess amino acid substitutions.
See also: Nielsen, Rasmus. Why sex? Simulated coevolution in a mutating ecology. Physical Review E 61 3 : RR ISBN Big Bang: The Origin of the Universe.
New York: HarperCollins. ISBN p. Introduction to the New Testament. New York: Anchor Bible. The passage seems to suffer from repeated interpolations. We, therefore, certainly conclude that the paragraph where Josephus, who was as much a Jew as the religion of Moses could make him, is made to acknowledge Jesus as the Christ, in terms as strong as words could do it, is a rank forgery, and a very stupid one, too.
I, chap. Giles, of the Established Church of England: "Those who are best acquainted with the character of Josephus, and the style of his writings, have no hesitation in condemning this passage as a forgery, interpolated in the text during the third century by some pious Christian, who was scandalized that so famous a writer as Josephus should have taken no notice of the gospels, or of Christ, their subject. But the zeal of the interpolator has outrun his discretion, for we might as well expect to gather grapes from thorns, or figs from thistles, as to find this notice of Christ among the Judaizing writings of Josephus.
It is well known that this author was a zealous Jew, devoted to the laws of Moses and the traditions of his countrymen. How, then, could he have written that Jesus was the Christ?
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Such an admission would have proved him to be a Christian himself, in which case the passage under consideration, too long for a Jew, would have been far too short for a believer in the new religion, and thus the passage stands forth, like an ill-set jewel, contrasting most inharmoniously with everything around it. If it had been genuine, we might be sure that Justin Martyr, Tertullian, and Chrysostom would have quoted it in their controversies with the Jews, and that Origen or Photius would have mentioned it.
But Eusebius, the ecclesiastical historian I, ii , is the first who quotes it, and our reliance on the judgment or even honesty of this writer is not so great as to allow our considering everything found in his works as undoubtedly genuine. Such a testimony would certainly have been produced by Justin in his apology or in his controversy with Trypho the Jew, had it existed in the copies of Josephus at his time. The silence of Origen is still more significant. Celsus, in his book against Christianity, introduces a Jew. Origen attacks the argument of Celsus and his Jew.
He could not have failed to quote the words of Josephus, whose writings he knew, had the passage existed in the genuine text.